Sunday, January 17, 2010

Learning Reading Guitar Tab

Guitar TAB.

TAB is easy to read and should be easy to write if you want to
send (submit) a song that you have done himself. Idea
is this:

Start with 6 lines (or four for bass). This relates to the strings
of instruments. The top line is the highest string. and
lines underneath the lower strings. Below is a bit
empty of TAB with the string names at the left.

E ----------------------
B ----------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

The numbers written on the line to show on which fret the string
with his left hand. If a zero appears, this means playing with string
open. Like standard musical notation, read from left to right to know
note the sequence to be played. Part of the following TAB mean
played a series of notes (EFF # GG # A) on the bottom E string with
fret move sequentially, starting with an open string.

E ----------------------
B ----------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E-0-1-2-3-4-5 ---------------

OK so far?

Here is the note being played simultaneously. If two or more notes
will be played simultaneously, they are written above each other, once
more like standard notation.

The following example we have a block Kord G.

E - 3 --------------------
B - 3 --------------------
G - 4 --------------------
D - 5 --------------------
A - 5 --------------------
E - 3 --------------------

So this means play all these notes together as a chord.

Sometimes also seen the same chord written like this:

E --- 3 -------------------
B --- 3 -------------------
G - 4 --------------------
D - 5 --------------------
A - 5 --------------------
E-3 ---------------------

Which means the ring with the same shape starting from the lowest string, so
means that each string is sounded immediately after the last string, but all
notation will ring simultaneously. Below is an example of another with a form
the same, but with a distance slightly larger - so you may
had to pick the strings separately instead of ring in

E ------ 3 ----------------
B ----- 3-3 ---------------
G ---- 4 ---- 4 --------------
D --- 5 ------ 5 -------------
A - 5 -------- 5 ------------
E-3 ---------- 3 -----------

You may ask
- How do I know how fast or slow to play it?
- Are all the notation should have the same length?

This is different from the standard notation TAB. Most of TAB * not * be
let length note. Usually it is up to you to
listen to the song to get rhythm.

However - do not be disappointed. TAB should give an indication of the time
it. In the example above all the notes are separated by a distance equal
so you can make the assumption that these notes have the same distance
(maybe all of an eighth note or quarter) but this is not forever
true - it depends on who wrote the TAB.

As a general rule, the distance from the notes on the TAB should tell you
where a long note and which are short and fast, but usually not
will notify you if a note is a triplet or other
something like that. Once again, this will depend on with whom the
TAB write it.

For example, here are some notes from the American National Song in TAB.
You certainly can see clearly that the difference depends on the length of distance

E -------- 0 --- 4-2-0 ---------
B-0 ----------- 0 ----- 0 ----
G - 1 - 1 ---------- 1-3 ------
D --- 2 -------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

Usually it's easier to play the TAB of a song you already know
better than the songs you've never heard of that will be used
with the rhythm of familiar songs.

Other symbols used in TAB.

So far I have seen where that note should be played: the string which
must be suppressed, and in which columns. I have mentioned how to know
note by looking at the long distance between notes on the TAB, but this can only
as a rough guide. You will have to always check with the contract on track
Story originally to get the rhythm.

A lot of important information can be included in the TAB. This includes
hammer-ons (o'clock), pulls offs (off), slides (slide), bends, vibrato and

What should be done is to write additional characters or symbols between notes
to indicate how to play it. Below are the characters / symbols
which is often used:

h - hammer on
p - pull off
b - bend string up
r - off the bend
/ - Slide up
\ - Slide down
v - vibrato (sometimes written ~)
t - tap with his right hand
x - play 'note' with heavy damping

For slides (shift), s is sometimes used to indicate whether
shifted upwards or downwards. Symbols for harmonics are explained below in
Section 3.2

The last, x, is used to mendapatakan choppy, percussive sound.
You usually use fret hand to lightly damp the strings so that when
the note will sound as if his voice was dead.

Note that the use of 'x' * very * different from the use of 'x' when giving
chord shapes.

For example if the D chord is written, it will terlilhat:


Where 'x' means do not play.

On the tab is assumed that a string is not played if it is not marked.
So that the same chord in the tab will be like:

E - 2 --------------------
B - 3 --------------------
G - 2 --------------------
D - 0 --------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

without the 'x'. 'x' is only used in TAB to represent the muted strings
weight sounded / learned to not give voice percussion.

There are a few of the other symbols for things like whammy bar bends,
Other excerpts and scrapes. Seems to be no standard of writing as
reference to write - Story / information must be given in the TAB
to explain the meaning of these symbols.

Bass TAB will probably need a few extra symbols to satisfy
need for differences in tehknik used to play bass - as
example slapping and 'popping' the string with thumb or middle finger.
You can use the 's' for slap and 'p' for pop as long as written
* under * the tab bar to explain the slide and pull off that should
written * on * line of tabs.


With hammer-ons and pull-offs you might find it like the following:

E ----------------------
B ----------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A --- 5h7 ---- 5h7 -------------
E-0-0 ---- 0-0 ---------------

which means play the open E twice, then press the strings in column A and 5
hammer in column 7.

Pull offs look very similar:

E - 3p0 --------------------
B --- 3p0 -------------------
G ----- 2p0 -----------------
D ------- 2 ---------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

Obtained here with bluse descending scale using pull-offs against
open string. For each pull off just taking the first note of the pair
with his right hand - so in this example only took all the notes on
column to 3 and 2, and open strings would be sounded with the release.

Because the strings are given an additional bit of energy as hammer on and pull off, you
anya should first note sounded by using hand picks. You also can
get a long string with a hammer-ons and pull-offs like the following:

E ----------------------
B ----------------------
G-2h4p2h4p2h4p2h4p2h4p2 --------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

In this case you only need the first note sounds.

Note - you may get other symbols are used to
hammer-on and pull-off, for example ^ can be used to interpret
hammer-on and pull-off.


G-4 ^ 2 ^ 2 --

the berart "ring a note on the second column, hammer-on to the column 4 and pull-off
to column 2 ". It would be easier if everyone uses the same symbols,
so unless you have a strong objection to 'h' and 'p' please
use it. In another case, for each tab that is sent should always be
explain the symbols used, so if you use any 'outside
toxicity 'be sure to explain what he meant.


When bends are involved you need to know how much to the bend
the note. This can be known by writing the number after the 'b'.
For example, if you see this:

E ----------------------
B - 7b9 -------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

means hidden string in column B to 7, then bend note up two semi-tones
(one step at a time) to read the same pitch as the note sounds
column 9. (Sometimes the bend is written in the second part in brackets,
like this-7b (9) -)

Something like this:

E ----------------------
B - 7b9-9r7 -----------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

means play the note in column 7, bend up two semi-tones, ring note
again when you're bent, then release the bend so that the note back

Sometimes pre-bend is used - this is where the strings in the bend * before * note sounded.
After the note sounded, bend is released. Pre-bends are usually written as

E ----------------------
B - (7) b9r7 -----------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

Means: fret the note in column 7 and bend the string up two semitones
(without sounding nite). Then ring the string and release the bend.

Sometimes ditenukan note that the bent up only a quarter of the tone and
forth. In this case would look a bit strange:

7b7.5 --- B---

if you have to bend up half a fret value.
Write down as follows:

bend up 1 / 4 tone
E ----------------------
B - 7b -------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

with instructions about how much bend written above the note.


The most common symbols used are / to slide up and \ for
downward slide.

Sometimes also seen 's' is used for the slides.

You do not have to require a separate symbol for the slides 'up' and 'bottom'
TAB line readings due:

E ----------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

obvious a slide * up * from column 7 to column 9. Anyway
sometimes encountered something like the following:

E ----------------------
B--/7-9-7 \ -----------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

where the beginning and end of the slide is not clear is given. Here you need to know
if you slide up or down. In this case you use decisions
to select the beginning or end of the column.

You can also have a set series of slides simultaneously, as this

E ----------------------
G ----------------------
D ----------------------
A ----------------------
E ----------------------

which means you only the first note sounds using the sustain
to produce another note.

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